不发达的法律职业:第三世界律师业综述

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【作者】埃贝尔,R.L.

【内容提要】

A great deal has been written recently about lawyers in the United States,Britain, Canada, Australia  and Europe. Much of this literature is based on new empirical research. Social scientists also have at tempted to reconstruct theories of the professions, which they have applied to lawyers among others. But these efforts are limited by an unfortunate provincialism: they ignore the majority of people and nations that make up the Third World.The essays in two new books-Lawyers in the Third World: Comparative and Developmental Perspectives, and Legal Roles in Colombia9-do much to correct that neglect. They describe the history and present situation of the legal professions in Colombia, Venezuela, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, the Sudan, and Malaysia and offer both comparative theoretical accounts and prescriptions for change?In this review, the author will draw on the wealth of empirical data they provide to suggest ways in which these accounts enrich, but also compel us to qualify, our picture of lawyers in society.

【关键词】The third world lawyers; Legal profession; Legal education