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文化作为人类行为决定因素

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【作者】马林诺夫斯基

【内容提要】

 "Culture as a determinant of human behavior." I read this title as an injunction to prove that there exists a science of human behavior, which is the science of culture. Culture, in fact, is nothing but the organized behavior of man.Man differs from the animals in that he has to rely on an artificially fashioned environment: on implements, weapons,dwellings and man-made means of transport.To produce and to manage this body of artifacts and commodities, he requires knowledge and technique. He depends on the help of his fellow beings.This means that he has to live in organized, well-ordered communities……

【关键词】a determinant of behavior;science of culture;the spirit of science

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