宗教自由:信仰的自由还是选择的自由

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【作者】迈克尔.桑德尔

【内容提要】

The distinction between freedom of conscience and freedom of choice can be seen by contrasting the voluntarist account of religious liberty with freedom of conscience as traditionally conceived.For Madison and Jefferson, freedom of conscience meant the freedom to exercise religious liberty to worship or not, to support a church or not, to profess belief or disbelief-without suffering civil penalties or incapacities. It had nothing to do with a right to choose one's beliefs. Madison's Memorial and Remonstrance consists of fifteen arguments for the separation of church and state and not one makes any mention of "autonomy" or "choice"……
 

【关键词】Freedom of Conscience,Freedom of Choice,Religious Liberty