堕胎与同性恋——进行道德上的谴责还是给予自由主义的宽容?

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【作者】迈克尔.桑德尔

【内容提要】

People defend laws against abortion and homosexual sodomy in two different ways: Some argue that abortion and homosexuality are morally reprehensible and therefore worthy of prohibition; others try to avoid passing judgment on the morality of these practices, and argue instead that, in a democracy, political majorities have the right to embody in law their moral convictions. In a similar way, arguments against antiabortion and antisodomy laws take two different forms: Some say the laws are unjust because the practices they prohibit are morally permissible, indeed sometimes desirable; others oppose these laws without reference to the moral status of the practices at issue, and argue instead that individuals have a right to choose for themselves whether to engage in them. 

【关键词】abortion,homosexuality,morally reprehensible